Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service

Rapid evidence reviews, data analysis and thought-provoking writing relating to the coronavirus pandemic, updated regularly.

The Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine thanks its major benefactors Maria and David Willetts for their generosity and support for the Oxford COVID-19 Evidence Service.

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Last updatedTitle
2020031212th March How Cities Need to Change, to Avoid Spreading Infections Heneghan C, Howard D
Urban environment  
2020042121st April England and Wales mortality during the COVID-19 outbreak – Update 21st April DeVito N, Heneghan C, Oke J.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202004066th April Rapidly managing pneumonia in older people during a pandemic Heneghan C, Aronson JK, Hobbs FR, Mahtani KR
Updated Primary Care practice   Treatments for COVID  
2020031616th March NSAIDs in Acute Respiratory Infection Heneghan C, Brassey J.
Updated Co-morbidities   Treatments for COVID  
202004066th April COVID-19 Registered Trials – and analysis Aronson JK, Ferner RE, DeVito N, Heneghan C.
Updated Research and Trials  
202006099th June Global Covid-19 Case Fatality Rates Oke J, Heneghan C.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202004077th April Hand Disinfectant and COVID-19 Robin E. Ferner
Updated Prevention  
2020033131st March Accuracy of strip-like forehead thermometers Jon Brassey, Carl Heneghan
Updated Symptom assessment  
2020031818th March Inhaled Steroids in Asthma during the COVID-19 Outbreak Hartmann-Boyce J, Hobbs FR.
Updated Co-morbidities  
2020031818th March Managing Fever in adults with possible or confirmed COVID-19 in Primary Care Park S, Brassey J, Heneghan C, Mahtani KR.
Updated Treatments for COVID  
202004022nd April What is the evidence for social distancing during global pandemics? Mahtani KR, Heneghan C & Aronson JK
Updated Prevention   Urban environment  
202004077th April Current Questions Under Review
Updated
2020043030th April Smoking in acute respiratory infections Hartmann-Boyce J, Lindson N.
Updated About coronavirus   Prevention  
202004066th April Rapid diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia for clinicians Pluddemann A, Hobbs FR, Mahtani KR and Heneghan C.
Updated Diagnostic tests  
2020032020th March What is the evidence for mass gatherings during global pandemics? Nunan D, Brassey J.
Updated Prevention  
2020033131st March Spreading SARS-CoV-2 through ocular fluids Ferner RE, Murray PI, Aronson JK.
Updated About coronavirus   PPE  
2020032828th March Maximising mobility in older people when isolated with COVID-19 Hartmann-Boyce J, Davies N, Frost R, Bussey J, Park S.
Updated Prevention   Primary Care practice  
2020032323rd March Do weather conditions influence the transmission of the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2)? Brassey J, Heneghan C, Mahtani KR, Aronson JK.
Updated About coronavirus  
202004033rd April Angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers in COVID-19 Aronson JK, Ferner RE.
Updated Co-morbidities   Treatments for COVID  
202004033rd April Are there any evidence-based ways of assessing dyspnoea (breathlessness) by telephone or video Greenhalgh T, Kotze K and Van Der Westhuizen H-M.
Updated Symptom assessment  
2020032828th March How accurate is the wrist style BP cuff folks tend to buy from the chemist/online? Hoang U.
Updated Symptom assessment  
202004099th April What is the evidence for anosmia (loss of smell) as a clinical feature of COVID-19? O’Donovan J, Tanveer S, Jones N, Hopkins C, Senior BA, Wise SK, Brassey J, Greenhalgh T.
Updated Signs and Symptoms  
2020033030th March COVID-19 Symptoms Tracker Nunan D, Brassey J, Mahtani KR, Heneghan C, Lee H, Hartmann Boyce J, Gardner A, Patrick-Smith M.
Updated Signs and Symptoms  
202004022nd April What is the efficacy of standard face masks compared to respirator masks in preventing COVID-type respiratory illnesses in primary care staff? GreenhalghT and Chan XH.
Updated PPE  
2020033030th March Supporting people with long-term conditions (LTCs) during national emergencies Hartmann-Boyce J and Mahtani KR.
Updated Co-morbidities  
202004011st April Chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine: Current evidence for their effectiveness in treating COVID-19 Frie K and Gbinigie K.
Updated Treatments for COVID  
2020033030th March Should we prescribe longer repeat prescriptions for patients with long-term conditions during a pandemic? Mahtani K, MacKenna B, Spencer E.
Updated Primary Care practice  
2020033030th March Can social prescribing support the COVID-19 pandemic? Tierney S, Mahtani K, Turk A.
Updated Primary Care practice   Treatments for COVID  
2020072020th July Coronaviruses – a general introduction Aronson JK.
Updated About coronavirus  
202004011st April Comparative accuracy of oropharyngeal and nasopharyngeal swabs for diagnosis of COVID-19 Carver C, Jones N.
Updated Diagnostic tests  
202004088th April What is the effectiveness and safety of antiviral or antibody treatments for coronavirus? Rios P, Radhakrishnan A, Thomas SM, Darvesh N, Straus SE, Tricco AC.
Updated Treatments for COVID  
2020033131st March SARS-CoV-2 viral load and the severity of COVID-19 Heneghan C, Brassey J, Jefferson T.
Updated About coronavirus  
2020033131st March Guidelines for preventing respiratory illness in older adults aged 60 years and above living in long-term care Rios P, Radhakrishnan A, Thomas SM, Darvesh N, Straus SE, Tricco AC.
Updated Prevention   Primary Care practice  
2020033030th March Preventing respiratory illness in older adults aged 60 years and above living in long-term care Rios P, Radhakrishnan A, Thomas SM, Darvesh N, Straus SE, Tricco AC.
Updated Prevention   Primary Care practice  
2020033030th March Should people with chronic respiratory health problems stop taking long term oral immunosuppressants? Kalin A.
Updated Co-morbidities  
202006022nd June In patients of COVID-19, what are the symptoms and clinical features of mild and moderate cases? Michelen M, Jones N, Stavropoulou C.
Updated Signs and Symptoms  
2020051919th May Question: Should smartphone apps be used clinically as oximeters? Answer: No. Greenhalgh T, Tarassenko L.
Updated Signs and Symptoms   Symptom assessment  
202004022nd April Question: Should the Roth score be used in the remote assessment of patients with possible COVID-19? Answer: No. Greenhalgh T.
Updated Diagnostic tests   Signs and Symptoms   Symptom assessment  
202004088th April Modelling the models Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202004088th April Problems in identifying the origins of  an outbreak Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Updated About coronavirus  
2020042929th April Tracking mortality over time – Update 28th April Oke J, DeVito N, Heneghan C.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202004033rd April What is the efficacy of eye protection equipment compared to no eye protection equipment in preventing transmission of COVID-19-type respiratory illnesses in primary and community care? Khunti K, Greenhalgh T, Chan XH, Durand-Moreau Q, Straube S, Devane D, Toomey E, Adisesh A.
Updated PPE   Prevention  
202004088th April COVID-19: What proportion are asymptomatic? Heneghan C, Brassey J, Jefferson T.
Updated About coronavirus  
202004099th April Is a 14-day quarantine effective against the spread of COVID-19? McCall M, Nunan D, Heneghan C.
Updated Prevention   Primary Care practice  
202004077th April Molecular and antibody point-of-care tests to support the screening, diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19 Green K, Graziadio S, Turner P, Fanshawe T, Allen J.
Updated Diagnostic tests  
202004088th April What is the evidence that COVID-19 personal protective equipment should include shoe covers? Khunti K, Greenhalgh T, Chan XH, Durand-Moreau Q, Straube S, Devane D, Toomey E, Adisesh A, Ross L.
Updated PPE   Prevention  
202004088th April COVID-19 – The Tipping Point Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Updated About coronavirus  
202004088th April Diabetes and risks from COVID-19 Hartmann-Boyce J, Morris E, Goyder C, Kinton J, Perring J, Nunan D, Khunti K.
Updated Co-morbidities  
202004088th April Managing diabetes during the COVID-19 pandemic Hartmann-Boyce J, Morris E, Goyder C, Kinton J, Perring J, Nunan D, Khunti K.
Updated Co-morbidities  
202004099th April COVID-19. Can Historical Antivirals Be of Use? Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Updated Treatments for COVID  
202004088th April NEWS (or NEWS2) score when assessing possible COVID-19 patients in primary care? Greenhalgh T, Treadwell J, Burrow R, Roberts N.
Updated Diagnostic tests   Primary Care practice   Symptom assessment  
202004088th April What is the role of imaging and biomarkers within the current testing strategy for the diagnosis of Covid-19? Green K, Allen AJ, Suklan J, Beyer FR, Price DA, Graziadio S.
Updated Diagnostic tests  
202004088th April Differentiating viral from bacterial pneumonia Heneghan C, Pluddemann A and Mahtani KR.
Updated Diagnostic tests   Symptom assessment  
2020041414th April Reconciling COVID-19 death data in the UK Oke J, Heneghan C.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202004099th April COVID-19 death data in England – Update 9th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202004099th April COVID-19 deaths compared with “Swine Flu” Heneghan C, Jefferson T.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
2020041010th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 10th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041010th April Is the UK Coronavirus death toll 70-80% higher? Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041111th April COVID-19: William Farr’s way out of the Pandemic Heneghan C, Jefferson T.
Prevention  
2020041111th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 11th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041212th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 12th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041414th April Are COVID-19 patients in hospital or admitted to hospital? Mahon J, Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
2020041313th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 13th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041414th April Lopinavir/ritonavir: A rapid review of effectiveness in COVID-19 Dorward J, Gbinigie K.
Treatments for COVID  
2020041414th April “When will it be over?”: An introduction to viral reproduction numbers, R0 and Re  Aronson JK, Brassey J, Mahtani KR.
About coronavirus  
2020041414th April N-acetylcysteine: A rapid review of the evidence for effectiveness in treating COVID-19 van Hecke O, Lee J.
Treatments for COVID  
2020041414th April Editor’s commentary: Rapid reviews of PPE – an update Greenhalgh T.
PPE  
2020041414th April Hydroxychloroquine or Chloroquine for treating COVID-19 – a PROTOCOL for a systematic review of IPD Fontes LE, Riera R, Miranda E, Oke J, Heneghan CJ, Aronson JK, Pacheco RL, Martimbianco ALC, Nunan D.
Treatments for COVID  
2020041414th April How can pandemic spreads be contained in care homes? Koshkouei M, Abel L, Pilbeam C.
Prevention   Primary Care practice  
2020041414th April Practical tips for clinicians helping patients with COVID-related anxiety/distress Zimmerman M, Ali S, Jones N, Maskrey N.
Co-morbidities   Primary Care practice  
2020041414th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 14th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041414th April Hydroxychloroquine for COVID-19: What do the clinical trials tell us? Ferner RE, Aronson JK.
Treatments for COVID  
2020041414th April COVID-19 – The great plague of Lombardy – a not so distant resonance chamber Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
About coronavirus  
2020041515th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 15th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020073131st July What does RCGP surveillance tell us about COVID-19 in the community? Heneghan C, Jefferson T.
Updated Primary Care practice   Statistics and Mortality  
2020041616th April Does physical exercise prevent or treat acute respiratory infection (ARI)? McCall M, Nunan D, Heneghan C.
Prevention   Treatments for COVID  
2020041616th April What is the effectiveness of protective gowns and aprons against COVID-19 in primary care settings? Coles B, Burton C, Khunti K, Greenhalgh T, Chan XH, Ross L.
PPE   Prevention  
2020041616th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 16th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041717th April Protocol: Systematic review of interventions initiated in response to disasters and national emergencies and their impact on short-and long-term diabetes outcomes Hartmann-Boyce J.
Research and Trials  
2020041717th April COVID-19 How many Healthcare workers are infected? Henghan C, Oke J, Jefferson T.
About coronavirus  
2020041717th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 17th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041717th April COVID 19 – Masks on or off? Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Prevention  
2020041818th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 18th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020041818th April COVID-19 – Is Lombardy the Widow of Hampstead? Jefferson T, Bonati M, Heneghan C.
Research and Trials  
2020041919th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 19th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042020th April What clinical features or scoring system, if any, might best predict a benefit from hospital admission for patients with COVID-19? BurrowR, Treadwell J, Roberts N.
Primary Care practice   Signs and Symptoms   Symptom assessment  
2020042020th April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 20th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042020th April What tests could potentially be used for the screening, diagnosis and monitoring of COVID-19 and what are their advantages and disadvantages?  Green K, Winter A, Dickinson R, Graziadio S, Wolff R, Mallett S, Allen AJ.
Diagnostic tests  
2020042020th April COVID-19 – Tracking European Mortality Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042121st April Are interventions such as social distancing effective at reducing the risk of asymptomatic healthcare workers transmitting COVID-19 infection to other household members? Jones N, Carver C.
Prevention  
2020042121st April What is the efficacy and safety of rapid exercise tests for exertional desaturation in covid-19? Javid B, Knight M, Inada-Kim M.
Diagnostic tests  
2020042121st April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 21st April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042222nd April What conditions could we prioritise in the primary care setting to reduce non-COVID-related admissions to hospital? Stavropoulou C, Palmer VJ, Burls A, Ansuategi E, Ubeda Carrillo M, Purdy S.
Primary Care practice  
2020042222nd April Is it safe for patients with COVID-19 to fast in Ramadan? Kalin A, Mahmood A, Waqar S, Yusuf A, Ghouri N, Sattar N, Chowdhury T, Ghouri N.
Primary Care practice  
2020042222nd April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 22nd April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042222nd April Talk Evidence: COVID-19 Jarvies D, Macdonald H, Heneghan C.
About coronavirus  
2020042323rd April Volunteering during the COVID-19 pandemic: What are the potential benefits to people’s well-being? Tierney S, Mahtani KR.
Primary Care practice  
2020042323rd April COVID 19 – Nova et Vetera: Lazaretts of Venice  Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Urban environment  
2020042323rd April COVID-19: Activity in Scotland Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042323rd April COVID-19 Death Data in England – Update 23rd April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042424th April Does BCG vaccination protect against acute respiratory infections and COVID-19? A rapid review of current evidence Soliman R, Brassey J, Plüddemann A, Heneghan C.
Treatments for COVID  
2020042424th April COVID-19 – Collateral Damage in Scotland Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042424th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 24th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202008066th August COVID-19 – Florence Nightingale Diagram’s of UK Deaths Stratton I.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
2020042525th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 25th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042626th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 26th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042626th April COVID-19 Global Charts – Our World in Data Heneghan C.
Prevention  
2020042727th April Mortality in COVID-19 patients with radiological changes on admission Kernohan A, Boath A, Calderon M, Hunter E, Graziadio S.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042727th April Six Countries: Three-quarters of the COVID Deaths Heneghan C, McCall M, Jefferson T.
Prevention  
2020042727th April Effect of Latitude on COVID-19 Heneghan C, Jefferson T.
Prevention  
2020042727th April COVID 19 – The Widow of Hampstead Revisited Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Prevention  
2020042727th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 27th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042828th April What is the evidence for using macrolide antibiotics to treat COVID-19? Gbinigie K, Frie K.
Treatments for COVID  
2020042828th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 28th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020042929th April Is there an association between exposure to air pollution and severity of COVID-19 infection? Hoang U, Jones N.
Urban environment  
2020042929th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 29th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020043030th April COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 30th April Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020043030th April Covid 19 – Epidemic ‘Waves’ Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
About coronavirus  
202005011st May Vitamin D: A rapid review of the evidence for treatment or prevention in COVID-19 Lee J, van Hecke O, Roberts N.
Prevention   Treatments for COVID  
202005011st May What questions are priority areas for primary care during the COVID-19 pandemic? A rapid question generation and prioritisation exercise Newlove-Delgado T, Cockcroft E, Byng R, Burns L, Liabo K.
Primary Care practice  
202008055th August Drug vignettes: Tocilizumab Ferner RE, Aronson JK.
Updated Drug vignettes  
2020072727th July COVID-19: Admissions to Hospital – Update Heneghan C, Oke J.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202005011st May Covid 19 Hospitals – Back to the Future Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Urban environment  
202005011st May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 1st May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005022nd May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 2nd May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005033rd May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 3rd May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005044th May Is the ‘Lifelight’ app adequately validated for blood pressure measurement? Tarassenko L, McManus R, Greenhalgh T.
Signs and Symptoms   Symptom assessment  
202005044th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 4th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005055th May COVID-19: Health Security Heneghan C, Jefferson T.
Treatments for COVID  
202005055th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 5th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005055th May BAME COVID-19 DEATHS – What do we know? Rapid Data & Evidence Review Razaq A, Harrison D, Karunanithi S, Barr B, Asaria M, Routen A, Khunti K.
About coronavirus   Primary Care practice  
202005055th May COVID-19: Unravelling the Uncertainties Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Prevention  
202005055th May Tracking mortality over time – ONS Update 5th May Oke J, DeVito N, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005066th May COVID-19: The Chain Ladder Method to estimate deaths not yet reported Christofides S, Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051919th May How can healthcare workers adapt non-pharmacological treatment – whilst maintaining safety – when treating people with COVID-19 and delirium? Jones L, Candy B, Roberts N, Ondrušková T, Short T, Sampson EL.
Updated Palliative Care   Treatments for COVID  
202005066th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 6th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061616th June Emergency Use Authorization of remdesivir by the US Food and Drug Administration Aronson JK, Ferner RE, Nunan D.
Updated COVID-19   Treatments for COVID  
202005077th May Leadership in COVID-19: What can history teach us about crisis leadership? Heneghan S, Mahtani KR.
COVID-19  
202005077th May Activities delivered at home by family carers to maintain cognitive function in people with dementia socially isolating during COVID-19: Evidence for Non – technology based activities / interventions Lloyd-Williams M, Mogan C, Russell S, Harrison-Dening K.
Treatments for COVID  
202005077th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 7th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202005077th May Is oxygen an effective treatment option to alleviate the symptoms of breathlessness for patients dying with COVID-19 and what are the potential harms? Allsop M, Ziegler L, Fu Y, Rudd S, Bennett MI.
Palliative Care   Treatments for COVID  
202005088th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 8th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202008077th August COVID-19: Care Homes in England – Update 7th July Heneghan C, Oke J.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
202005099th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 9th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051010th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 10th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051111th May Preventing non-COVID-19 hospital admissions during a pandemic: a rapid overview of the evidence for high-value medications Bobrovitz N, Lee J, Mahtani KR.
COVID-19   Primary Care practice  
2020051111th May COVID-19 Clinical Trials Report Card: Remdesivir DeVito NJ, Drysdale HM, Aronson JK.
About coronavirus  
2020051111th May COVID-19 Clinical Trials Report Card: Chloroquine and Hydroxychloroquine DeVito N, Liu M, Aronson JK.
About coronavirus  
2020051111th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 11th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051111th May COVID 19 – Understanding the Unknown in Acute Respiratory Infections Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
About coronavirus  
2020052626th May UK Data for Assessing COVID-19 Activity  Heneghan C, Oke J.
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
2020051111th May COVID-19: ‘Fever Hospitals’ Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
About coronavirus   Urban environment  
2020051111th May Leadership in COVID-19: building public trust is key Mahtani KR, Heneghan S.
COVID-19  
2020051212th May Rapid Review: Diabetic retinopathy screening during the COVID-19 pandemic Ahmad E, Davies MJ, Khunti K.
Treatments for COVID  
2020051212th May The FDA has authorised remdesivir for use in COVID-19 patients: but there’s no good evidence it reduces mortality Drysdale HM, DeVito NJ, Aronson JK.
Research and Trials  
2020051212th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 12th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051212th May Tracking mortality over time – Update 12th May Oke J, DeVito N, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051313th May Drug vignettes: Azithromycin Ferner RE, Aronson JK.
Drug vignettes   Treatments for COVID  
2020051313th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 13th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051414th May COVID-19: Have we forgotten our children in all this? Heneghan C, Jefferson T.
2020051414th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 14th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051414th May COVID-19: Roche Antibody Test – 14th May Fleming S, Heneghan C.
Diagnostics   Statistics and Mortality  
2020051515th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 15th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051616th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 16th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051717th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 17th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051717th May Current COVID-19 activity in the UK Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006022nd June Mast cell stabilisers, leukotriene antagonists and antihistamines: A rapid review of the evidence for their use in COVID-19 Raymond M, Ching-A-Sue G, van Hecke O.
Updated COVID-19   Treatments for COVID  
2020051818th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 18th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051818th May A Composite Reference Standard for COVID-19 Diagnostic Accuracy Studies: a roadmap Graziadio S, Hicks T, Allen AJ, Suklan J, Urwin SG, Winter A, Price DA, Body R.
COVID-19   Diagnostic tests  
2020051818th May COVID-19 deaths that have occurred but are not yet reported – update 18 May 2020. Christofides S, Oke J, Heneghan C.
About coronavirus   COVID-19  
2020051919th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 19th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020051919th May COVID-19: A Way out of the Maze? Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
COVID-19  
2020052020th May Loss of smell and taste as symptoms of COVID-19: what does the evidence say? Nunan D.
Signs and Symptoms   Symptom assessment  
2020052020th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 20th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052121st May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 21st May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052222nd May COVID-19: Faulty Logic, Distorted Perspectives Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Research and Trials  
2020052222nd May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 22nd May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052222nd May COVID-19: Making Excess Death Comparisons Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052222nd May What is the performance and impact of disposable and reusable respirators for healthcare workers in the context of COVID-19? Burton C, et al
COVID-19   PPE  
2020052323rd May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 23rd May Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052424th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 24th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052525th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 25th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052626th May Leadership in COVID-19: The dangers of groupthink in crisis leadership Heneghan S, Mahtani KR.
COVID-19  
2020052626th May The role of nicotine in COVID-19 infection Hartmann-Boyce J, Lindson N.
Treatments for COVID  
2020052626th May In My Own Bed Please: Staying at home with Covid-19 Jenkins L.
Palliative Care  
2020052626th May Cancer and COVID-19: between a rock and a hard place Soliman R.
COVID-19  
2020052626th May Covid-19 and the role of oxygen in palliative care at home Jenkins L.
Palliative Care  
2020052626th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 26th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052727th May Face coverings for the lay public: an alternative view Greenhalgh T.
PPE  
2020052727th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 27th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052828th May Asthma and COVID-19: risks and management considerations Hartmann-Boyce J, et al.
Co-morbidities   COVID-19  
2020052828th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 28th May Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020052929th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 29th May
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062929th June More about chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine Aronson JK, Ferner RE.
Updated Treatments for COVID  
2020053030th May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 30th May
Statistics and Mortality  
2020053131st May COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 31st May
Statistics and Mortality  
202006011st June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 1st June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006022nd June COVID-19 hospital deaths that have occurred but not yet reported – update 30 May 2020. Christofides S, Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006022nd June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 2nd June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006022nd June COVID-19 Mortality Over Time – ONS Update 2nd June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006033rd June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 3rd June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006044th June The role and response of primary care and community nursing in the delivery of palliative care in epidemics and pandemics: a rapid review to inform practice and service delivery during the COVID-19 pandemic Mitchell S, Maynard V, Lyons V, Jones N, Gardiner C.
Palliative Care  
202006044th June What explains the high rate of SARS-CoV-2 transmission in meat and poultry facilities? Durand-Moreau Q, Adisesh A, Mackenzie G, Bowley J, Straube S, Chan X, Zelyas N, Greenhalgh T.
COVID-19  
202006044th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 4th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
202006044th June Thrombosis in COVID-19: clinical outcomes, biochemical and pathological changes, and treatments Ferner RE, Levi M, Sofat R Aronson JK.
Treatments for COVID  
202006055th June Extended use or re-use of single-use surgical masks and filtering facepiece respirators: A rapid evidence review Toomey E, Conway Y, et al.
PPE  
202006055th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 5th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006066th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 6th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006077th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 7th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
202006088th June Are there risk factors and preventative interventions for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) in COVID-19? Carver C, Jones N.
Co-morbidities   Signs and Symptoms   Treatments for COVID  
202006088th June COVID-19 and the ‘old-fashioned’ idea of neighbourhoods Canelas P, Baptista I.
Blog  
202006088th June What impacts are emerging from Covid-19 for urban futures? Dixon T.
Urban environment  
202006088th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 8th June
Statistics and Mortality  
202006099th June Investigating Nosocomial Outbreaks of COVID-19
202006099th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 9th June
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061010th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 10th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061111th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 11th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061212th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 12th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061414th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 14th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061515th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 15th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061616th June Covid-19: access to out-of-hours palliative and end-of-life care at home Jenkins, L
Palliative Care  
2020061616th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 16th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061717th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 17th June Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061717th June Open Dashboards for COVID-19 Outbreaks
2020061818th June Transmission Dynamics of COVID-19 Jefferson T, Spencer EA, Plüddemann A, Roberts N, Heneghan C.
Evidence synthesis   Transmission dynamics  
2020061818th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – Update 18th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061818th June Thoughts on Estimating Excess Mortality from COVID-19 Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061919th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 19th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020061919th June COVID-19 Evidence is lacking for 2 meter distancing Tom Jefferson, Carl Heneghan
2020062020th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 20th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062121st June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 21st June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062525th June What is the evidence to support the 2-metre social distancing rule to reduce COVID-19 transmission? Qureshi Z, Jones N, Temple R, Larwood J, Greenhalgh T, Bourouiba L.
Updated
2020062222nd June Inhaled corticosteroids: A rapid review of the evidence for treatment or prevention of COVID-19 Armitage L, Brettell R.
2020062222nd June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 22nd June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062323rd June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 23rd June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062424th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 24th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062424th June Declining death rate from COVID-19 in hospitals in England Mahon J, Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062525th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 25th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062525th June Urban humans as new hosts: continuous wild habitat fragmentation will accelerate the conditions for future epidemics Duncan O.
Blog  
2020062626th June Dexamethasone Ferner RE, DeVito N, Aronson JK.
Drug vignettes  
2020062626th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 26th June Oke J, Heneghan C.
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062727th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 27th June Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062828th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 28th June
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062929th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 29th June Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020062929th June COVID-19: Declining Admissions to Intensive Care Units Daniel Howdon, Jason Oke, Carl Heneghan
Statistics and Mortality  
2020063030th June COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 30th June Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020072424th July The ethics of COVID-19 treatment studies: too many are open, too few are double-masked
Updated COVID-19  
202007011st July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 1st July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007022nd July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 2nd July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007033rd July Environmental Weather Conditions and Influence on Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 Spencer EA, Brassey J, Jefferson T, Heneghan C.
Meteorological  
202007044th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 3rd July
202007055th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 5th July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007066th July The post-pandemic future for city centre office space Darby R, Darby T.
Urban environment  
202007066th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 6th July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007077th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 7th July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007088th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 8th July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007088th July COVID-19 Mortality – ONS Update Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202007099th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 9th July Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020071010th July What are the risk factors and effectiveness of prophylaxis for venous thromboembolism in COVID-19 patients? Kernohan A, Calderon M.
COVID-19  
2020071010th July COVID-19: Death Data in England – update 10th July Oke J, Heneghan C
202008055th August COVID-19: Death Data in England – Daily Update Oke J, Fleming S, Heneghan C
Updated Statistics and Mortality  
2020071414th July ONS Death Data and the Disparity with PHE Daily Updates Oke J, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
2020071616th July SARS-CoV-2 and the Role of Orofecal Transmission: Evidence Brief
Transmission dynamics  
2020071616th July Why no-one can ever recover from COVID-19 in England – a statistical anomaly Yoon K Loke, Carl Heneghan
Statistics and Mortality  
2020071616th July The Role of Orofecal Transmission
2020072323rd July Masking lack of evidence with politics Tom Jefferson, Carl Heneghan
Prevention   Research and Trials  
2020072828th July COVID-19 deaths in England and Wales: resolving discrepancies in deaths outside of hospital Howdon D, Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202008022nd August COVID cases in England aren’t rising: here’s why Heneghan C
Statistics and Mortality  
202008044th August ONS Registered Deaths in England and Wales – Week ending 27th July Heneghan C, DeVito N
Statistics and Mortality  
202008055th August Severe mental illness and risks from COVID-19 Barber S, Reed L, Syam N, Jones N.
Co-morbidities  
202008055th August Are you infectious if you have a positive PCR test result for COVID-19? Tom Jefferson, Carl Heneghan, Elizabeth Spencer, Jon Brassey
Transmission dynamics  
202008066th August Drug vignettes: Interferons Aronson JK, DeVito N, Plüddemann A, Ferner RE.

CEBM ResearchThe CEBM has committed its skills and expertise in evidence synthesis and dissemination to the effort against the current COVID-19 pandemic.

This collection of rapid reviews of primary care questions relating to the coronavirus pandemic is updated regularly.

You can also view the questions our team are working on.  You can submit a question and follow updates on #EvidenceCOVID on Twitter.